But more than that, you need the right programming language that’s compatible with modern mobile platforms. Millions of people use smartphones today. So you need to build compatible mobile apps.
A report by Statista shows the staggering increase in the sales of smartphones from 2009 to 2015. The annual smartphone sales crossed 1.3 billion in 2015 with android being the most used OS for smartphones.
In another report, it’s been predicted that the smartphone shipment worldwide will cross 1.6 billion by 2020. Again, Android is expected to rule the global smartphone market.
What do these numbers mean?
If you have to develop a mobile app, this is the most appropriate time. Whether you need to become a developer, or hire a professional mobile developer, this is the best time to get started.
Deciding to jump on the mobile app development bandwagon is not the challenge. The challenge is – choosing the right programming language.
Ultimately, you want to answer these questions:
Where do I begin?
Which programming language do I choose and why?
How do I master it?
What should I look for in a mobile developer?
These are just a few basic questions that come to mind as soon as you think of developing a mobile app.
There are several programming languages to choose from. One of the easiest ways is to select the most popular mobile app development language. According to codeeval, Python is the most popular coding language in 2014.
The guide below will help you choose the right mobile app development coding language. By the end of this guide, you will have one thing absolutely clear in your mind – what language you will use.
With BuildFire already having mobile app plugins that cover 70% or more of the common business use cases, developers only need to build specific functionality that’s unique to the client, rather than build the whole thing from scratch.
That means quicker builds, less headaches and more apps getting built.
Easy to learn and works with existing frameworks you already use
Short-cuts the development timeline by 40% or more
Let’s talk about the most popular app development language – Python.
Python is a high-level programming language that is widely used in web development, app development, analyzing and computing scientific and numeric data, creating desktop GUIs, and for software development.
Java is the most used app development language. According to VersionEye, which tracks the open source software libraries, developers complete most projects in Java followed by Ruby.
According to PYPL Popularity, Java is the most searched language on Google worldwide in the current year.
Java stands at the number one place with 23.4% share, with Python at the second place with 13.7% share. The difference between the first and second place shows how popular Java is among developers.
Android OS is written in Java so if you learn Java, you will be able to create Android apps of all types and this will put you in the driving seat because you will be in control over the future of app technology.
Java is the most suitable mobile app development language because it runs on all the platforms including the all-famous Android.
Java is used in development of:
Big data technology
Some of the most famous Java applications include:
Besides server side scripting, it is used for command line scripting and for coding applications.
PHP primarily is a coding language used for creating dynamic websites, but you can create android and iOS apps in PHP, according to Zend.
With PHAP, it is possible to write complete android, iOS, and windows apps. Suman Tripathi shares a three-layered model for developing stunning apps in PHP for mobiles.
PHP is the most popular programming language as reported by Jobs Tractor. Java is the second most popular programming language.
Imagine if you learn PHP, you will be in a position to create dynamic websites, web applications, and all types of mobile apps. It’s the single most used programming language out there that’s supported and used by 78.6% developers.
If there is one programming language that has the potential to reshape the future, it is Swift.
It was released by Apple Inc. in June 2014 for iOS (and supporting systems) and Linux. It is the primary programming language used for developing iOS and OS X apps.
Swift is the fastest growing language, according to TNW. The demand for Swift developers has increased 600 percent making them the most hired developers.
Did I tell you that the Swift developers make serious money? Swift developers have the highest average salaries in the US.
There couldn’t be any better time to learn and code a mobile app in Swift.
Google is also considering to make Swift its first-class language instead of Java. If Google shifts to Swift, the demand for Swift apps and developers will skyrocket and there will be no other competing language.
For now, Swift is only available for iOS development but since it works on Linux and is open source, which means it can be used by anyone. It is still new and those who will shift to Swift early will have the advantage.
Extremely easy to learn especially if you know Objective-C.
It is open source.
It is a simplified version of Objective-C.
Maintenance is super-easy.
It is the future of iOS development.
It needs less coding as compared to other languages.
You can create pretty much anything in C# ranging from server applications to web services to games to mobile apps and more. If you’re planning to develop a game app, C# is one of the best languages to go for since it is supported by Unity3D.
Most of the experts believe that the demand for C# is dipping and there are not enough jobs available in the market for C# developers.
Xamarin is the platform that has changed the expectations of the experts and the developers. It’s an app building tool that makes it simpler for C# developers to create apps for Android and iOS.
But mobile app development isn’t the only thing that developers are doing, C# is used widely in business and productivity tools, enterprises, utilities, games, etc.
There’s a lot of potential for C# since it’s used for everything that you can think of: Visual Studio, AutoCAD, Office 365, and SharePoint are just a few examples of software built with C#. It’s mostly used in the development of enterprise-level programs.
Just to give you a hint of how easy it is to create a mobile app in C# using Xamarin, Nish created an app in just one day.
You can create your next mobile app in C# fairly quickly.
Easy-to-use and a simple language
Used extensively in the development of web applications and large tools
Objective-C is an object-oriented general-purpose programming language that is derived from C. Objective-C was the core programming language used by Apple for iOS and OS X development prior to Swift.
Though Swift is replacing Objective-C, but the queries at StackOverflow show that the developers are still working on Objective-C.
Same is the case with Github, developers are still creating their projects in Objective-C.
The transition will not be instant.
Objective-C isn’t going anywhere any soon, says Paul Krill, for two main reasons. First, there has been a lot of investment in it in terms of apps. Second, the frameworks of the apps still rely on Objective-C even after the launch of Swift.
Therefore, learning and creating a mobile app in Objective-C will still pay off. You can create all types of apps in it, not really a big deal.
C++, pronounced as C Plus Plus, is a general purpose object-oriented programming language with low-level memory manipulation feature.
C++ inherits its syntax from C and it is an extension of the C. If you know how to use C, C++ will not be a big deal. The two languages share all the features but C++ is more comprehensive.
The demand for C++ has always been there. It’s not just about developing mobile apps rather it is a powerful language that is used in all the sectors ranging from finance to manufacturing to banking and several others.
In terms of mobile apps, C++ has been doing exceptionally well since it helps develop cross-platform mobile apps easily with its unified debugging experience and powerful environment. It can be used to create stunning apps for Android, Windows, and iOS.
Not just mobile apps, but C++ has the potential to create some of the biggest tools like Google Chrome, Amazon, PayPal, World of Warcraft, Photoshop, and many others.
Learning C++ means you will be able to smoothly code games, apps, and commercial software.
Some of the major uses of C++ (and C) include:
Development of operating systems
New programming language development
Graphics and designs
Development of compilers for programming languages
Medical, mathematical, and engineering applications
HTML5 is the fifth version of HTML (HyperText Markup Language). HTML5 is used to present content on the internet.
You can create Android as well as iOS apps in HTML5. The only requirement is using a powerful framework such as PhoneGap.
Perl is a combination of two languages (Perl 5 and Perl 6). This is a high-level dynamic programming language family. It uses features from other programming languages like C, sed, AWK, and others. Both Perl 5 and Perl 6 run and evolve independently.
Perl is used for a whole lot of applications such as automation, bioinformatics, website development, app development, games development, and others.
Rust is a compiled programming language by Mozilla. It is a multiple paradigm general-purpose language.
Recently, Rust received the Most Loved Programming Language 2016 by Stack Overflow developer survey.
Rust is like C and C++ but it is safer and better. It has a powerful management tool that makes it better than other programming languages such as Ruby and Python.
More than 64% of developers are using Rust which makes it quite a popular programming language among developers.
Rust is still a new language that is not fully mature but it has a great future. There are developers who are using Rust to create mobile apps such as John Gallagher who has created an iOS app in Rust.
Mozialla’s browser engine, known as Servo, is developed in Rust. This is not all, there are some other big projects completed in Rust, for example, Piston, Zinc, and Maidsafe.
Learning Rust at this time and creating a mobile app will put you in the driving seat. Rust has the potential to take over C and C++ in near future.
Not an easy language to learn.
Safer than most of the other languages.
It is fast.
It can be used to create a whole lot of applications in different fields.
Cargo, the build system, is very famous among developers.
Structured Query Language (SQL) is a programming language that is used for managing relational database management systems, database analytics, and for data processing.
SQL is not a language that is used for developing mobile apps but it supports applications.
Mobile apps where you have to access data from the server, SQL will be used. Essentially, it is the single language that will be integrated with most of the mobile apps. Learning SQL is, therefore, crucial.
The best thing about SQL is that it doesn’t require any coding.
It is portable and works on all devices.
One of the easiest languages to learn.
SQL standards make it even easier to understand and manage databases.
Works as a programming language and interactive language.
You’ve got to understand that most consumers begins their search experiences on on their mobile devices, and not on their computers. Therefore, you need to build mobile apps that caters to these consumers.
Then you’ve it. The thirteen programming languages for developing a mobile app, which one will you choose?
Let me make it easier for you.
I’d recommend using (or learning) either Swift or BuildFire.js. Why?
These are the two programming languages that will redefine the future of programming – sooner or later.
If you choose to hire a professional mobile app developer, conduct a proper research, and hire someone who will understand your idea and goal, and design an app that communicates clearly with your target audience.
Contact People is a mobile application that provides a solution for business caller identification and easy exchange of digital business cards which are transferrable and give more access to business real-time information, events and news updates through mobile business feed.